European Reformation

1378 Jon Wycliffe (England) attacked indulgences.

1415 Council of Constance condemns Wycliffe's teaching and his contemporary follower John Huss (Bohemia). Huss is burnt at stake and Wycliffe's body is later exhumed and burnt.

1415-36 Hussite Wars between Bohemian nationalists and an alliance of pope and emperor.

1446? Johannes Gutenburg's first printing press in Mainz, Germany.

1465 Archbishop of Mainz gives Gutenburg a benefice.

1470 printing introduced to France.

1508 Jacques Lefevre D'Etaples taught humanist Biblical scholarship in Paris.

1509 Desiderius Erasmus's Praise of Folly calls for reform of church.

1517 Martin Luther's 95 Theses Against the selling of Indulgences in Wittenburg.

1517 Luther's Latin theses are printed (without permission) in German translation.

1518 Zwingli preached against indulgences in Zurich.

1519 Zwingli given a printing press to disseminate his ideas.

1520 Zwingli reads some of Luther's work and convinces city council to outlaw preaching that was not based on the New Testament.

1524 Erasmus' On the Freedom of the Will rejects Luther, while calling for catholic reform.

1524 Zurich council tries Zwingli for heresy at Pope Adrian IV's request, find him innocent, remove the city from episcopal jurisdiction and officially join the reformation.

1525 Lefevre flees Paris for Strasbourg over accusation of supporting Reformation.

1526 Lefevre returns to Paris as royal tutor.

1534 King Henry VIII (England) assumes head of church, instead of pope.

1536 John Calvin joins Guillaume Farel in establishing a reformed theocracy in Geneva.

1538 Genevans revolt against theocracy, Calvin flees to Strasbourg and Farel to Neuchatel.

1541 Calvin invited back to Geneva. Calvinism goes on to become main force in reformation.

1549 Consensus Tigurinus unites Geneva's Calvinists and Zurich's Zwinglians.

1560 Scottish Parliament outlaws Catholicism and accepts Calvinism.

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