Methodist Revival

1688 Williamite Revolution

1700 mian centres London (500,000), Bristol (20,000), Manchester (8000) would grow to 95,000 because of later industrial revolution

1707 Act of Union created Britain (Scotland, England and Wales)

1714 Beginning of Georgian Era

1720 Theodore Jacobus Frelinghuysen (a German-born Dutch Reformed minister influenced by Pietism) initiated a small revival in Raritan Valley, New Jersey.

1726 Gilbert Tennent (a follower of Frelinghuysen) ordained to Presbyterian church in New Brunswick, where a small revival occurred among his congregation of fellow-immigrants from Ulster.

1727 Moravian refugees (descendants of the Hussites) at Herrnhut (Germany) underwent communal spiritual experience and formed the basis of the Renewed Unity of the Moravian Brethren. They spread throughout the world, with Peter Bohler settling in London, where he influenced John Wesley's (1703-91) conversion to revivalism.

1729 Charles Wesley (1707-88) begins the Holy Club at Christ Church, Oxford. His brother, John, later took over the leadership. This group earned several names: sacramentarians, Bible moths, enthusiasts and the one that stuck, Methodists.

1732 George Whitefield joins Holy Club

1734 local revival in Northampton, Massachusetts under leadership of Congregationalist theologian and pastor, Jonathan Edwards (1703-58).

1735 Welsh revivalist, Howell Harris (1714-73) is converted. Turned down for Anglican ordination, he travelled around South Wales sparking a revival that ultimately led to the creation of the Welsh Calvinist Methodist Church.

1735 English revivalist, George Whitefield (1714-70) is converted through the Holy Club.

1736/7? Wesleys go as Society for the Propogation of the Gospel missionaries to Georgia, America. They are influenced by meeting Moravian missionaries.

1738 Wesleys return to England and John involves himself in reorganising an Anglican society in Fetter Lane, London.

1738 First Charles, then John Wesley undergo spiritual experience and are converted to the revivalist cause.

1739 leaders of the revival undergo a communal spiritual experience at Fetter Lane, which inspires them to a campaign to evangelise England. Those present include the Wesleys, Whitefield and Benjamin Ingham (Moravian).

1739 John Wesley sets up first Methodist society in London. Although it is open to others, it remains a Church of England society, not a new denomination. Under Whitfield's lead he begins itinerant preaching around Bristol.

1739 Edwards wrote Personal Narrative about the Northampton revival. It had an immense influence among English-speaking Protestants.

1739 revival in northern Scottish Highlands under the leadership of John Balfour.

1740 Leaves Fetter Lane Society and buys Foundery as London base for operations

1740-43 Great Awakening at its height in New England. Inspired by the itinerant preaching of Whitefield.

1741 Wesley and Whitefield part ways to lead (respectively) Arminian and Calvinist Methodism in England.

1741 opening of New Room in Bristol, first purpose built Methodist preaching house

1742 revival in Cambuslang (Scotland). Whitefield preached during the revival, leading to the false impression that he was responsible for it, as he had been in New England.

1742 John Wesley sets up first class meeting to encourage involvement of all Methodists in the work of the societies. This became the backbone of the movement.

1743 John Wesley drew up a common rule for all Methodist societies.

1744 first Methodist Conference held. This led to the establishment of itinerant preaching circuits under the control of (Wesley's) Assistants, later called Superintendents.

1745 166 Hymns on the Lord's Supper, mostly by Charles Wesley

1746 Battle of Culloden

1747 John Wesley visited Ireland and won many to his cause, including Barabara Heck and the German-speaking community of County Limerick, especially in areas where Presbyterianism was weak and Anglicanism was the main form of Protestantism.

1760 Barbara Heck convinces brother-in-law Philip Embury to set up first American Methodist meeting in New York (pop. 14,000)

1765-76 moves towards American independence

1768 Heck influences building of larger Methodist Church in New York

1768 Countess Selina of Huntingdon (patron of Calvinist Methodism) founded a theological college at Trevecca (Wales) under the leadership of Howell Harris.

1770s Heck flees revolution and sets up first Methodist society in Canada

1779 Countess of Huntingdon forced to register her chapels as nonconformist meeting places. They became the Countess of Huntingdon Connexion.

1784 John Wesley ordains American superintendent;Methodists in America break away to form Methodist Episcopal Church.

1784 Deed of Declaration signed, giving authority in Methodism to the Conference once John Wesley died.

1785 John Wesley ordains Scottish presbyters

1787 Methodist meeting places registered under the Toleration Act.

1788 John Wesley ordains English superintendent

1791 John Wesley dies.

1795 under Plan of Pacification Methodists break away from Church of England to form Methodist Church.

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