The First Universities

1000 few laypersons were literate

1159 Bologna founded to teach law

1180s Paris founded 1180s as the guild (universitas) of masters (lecturers) sought independence from the chancellor at the Cathedral School at Notre Dame. Contained the only sizeable theology faculty. Papal charter 1229.

1180s Oxford grew out of communities of scholars in a town close to English power centres, under the influence of a Bologna-trained Englishman. Papal charter 1214; Merton College founded 1264.

1227 Orleans founded to teach literary arts and civil law

1225 Montpellier founded to teach medicine and law

1284 Peterhouse Cambridge founded by disaffected scholars who left Oxford.

1205 Francis of Assisi (1181-1227), a merchant's son, dedicated himself to a life of poverty.

1219 OP House of Studies founded at Paris

1221 OP House of Studies founded at Oxford

1223 Albert the Great joins OP and lectures at various Houses, including Paris

1224 OFM House of Studies founded at Oxford

1224?-1235 Robert Grosseteste lector to OFM students at Oxford

1236 Alexander of Hales, a Paris lecturer, joins OFM, a thorough-going Aristotelian before Thomas

1247 Adam Marsh becomes first OFM to lecture at Oxford

1253-1257 Bonaventura, OFM, lectured at Paris

1240-1292 Roger Bacon, OFM, lectured at Paris and Oxford and developed an early form of experimental science

1245 Thomas Aquinas, OP, studies at Paris under Albert

1248 Albert and Aquinas move to Cologne

1252 Thomas returns to lecture at Paris

1259 Thomas in Rome as papal advisor

1268 Thomas returns again to Paris

1253 William of Milton, important figure at Paris and later at Cambridge

1295?-1308 John Duns Scotus, OFM lectured at Oxford, Cambridge, Paris and Cologne

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